Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

What is Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a type of mental health disorder that causes an abnormal hyperactivity level and impulsiveness in the affected person’s behavior. People affected by this disorder face trouble in concentrating and sitting still for a long time. According to the American psychiatric association, both adults and children can suffer from this disorder.

What are its symptoms?

Some of the most common symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are as follows:

  • Trouble in concentrating or focusing
  • Forgetfulness
  • Easily distracted
  • Difficulty in sitting still
  • Talkativeness

What are the different types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

American psychiatric association classified different conditions and symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) into three categories to make ADHD diagnosis more effective and accurate. The following are the three types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD):

  • Predominantly inattentive

Individuals with this type of ADHD disorder experience extreme difficulty in concentrating, following instructions, and completing the given task

  • Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type

People affected by this type of ADHD disorder have impulsiveness and hyper-activeness in their behavior. They tend to be more talkative, impatient, and hyperactive in their daily lives.

  • Combined inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive type

People affected by this type of ADHD disorder experience the symptoms of both predominantly inattentive and Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type of ADHD disorder.

What are the root causes of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

The root causes of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are still not completely understood. However, doctors believe that ADHD is to do with some neurological factors. In a recent study, researchers found that a reduction in dopamine (a chemical in the brain responsible for sending signals from one nerve cell to another) is crucial in causing ADHD.

Some of the researchers believe that ADHD causes due to the structural difference in the brain. People with ADHD have less volume of grey matter in the brain. Grey matter in the brain means the area which helps in the following activities:

  • Speech
  • Self-control
  • Decision-making
  • Muscles control

How to diagnose Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

There is no single test to diagnose Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). According to your symptoms, doctors will assess you over the previous six months to diagnose you with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). If they suspect any ADHD symptoms in you, they may refer you ADHD specialist. Depending on the diagnosis, your doctor may suggest you talk with a psychiatrist or neurologist.

Treatment of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Doctors use medication, behavior therapy, or both to treat Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Doctors can not cure the symptoms of ADHD, though they can manage these symptoms with proper medicines, therapies, and some changes in the patient’s lifestyle.

The following are some tips to change a patient’s lifestyle to make the medicine more effective:

  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet
  • Exercise daily
  • Meditation
  • Sleep properly
  • Be disciplined
  • Be active
  • Incorporate yoga into your daily schedule
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Say no to junk food
  • Limit your time with mobile phones, laptops, computers, etc

What Medications used for treating Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

Your doctor may prescribe you the following medication to treat you with ADHD:

  • Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants such as Ritalin increase certain chemicals’ release (dopamine and norepinephrine) in the brain.
  • Amphetamine-based stimulants such as Adderall
  • Non-stimulant medications such as Atomoxetine
  • Antidepressants such as Bupropion
  • Other dietary supplements

Is Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a disability?

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder, but no one should consider it as a learning disability. However, ADHD can make it difficult for people to learn. To help relieve any impact on learning for children, teachers can map out individual guidelines for a student with ADHD. It can include allowing extra time for assignments and tests or developing a personal reward system.

Tips for coping with ADHD

People affected with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) should follow the following tips to cope up with ADHD more effectively:

  • You should follow a consistent schedule in your daily life.
  • Use lists, block your calendar, set reminders for the important tasks for the day.
  • Keep your things at their usual place to avoid forgetfulness.
  • Stay organized
  • Your doctor will provide you more tips to manage your ADHD symptoms.
Outlook

Untreated Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can affect a person a lot in the long term.  It can affect you in every sphere of your life, such as school, workplace, marriage, etc. if you think you are suffering from this disorder, you should immediately consult your doctor and ask for medical help. But it is essential to keep in mind that many people with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) enjoying, fulfilling, and living a successful life. Even some people are getting the benefits of the condition.

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