What is Alprazolam?
Alprazolam helps treat anxiety and panic disorders. It is related to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines. This drug works by enhancing the activity of certain neurotransmitters in the brain.
Alprazolam generic name drugs and brand name drugs are easily available. The brand names for alprazolam include Alprazolam Intensol, Xanax, and Xanax XR.
Alprazolam is available in immediate-release and extended-release forms. It also comes as an orally disintegrating form and oral solution. This drug is easily available in pharmacies. You can also buy alprazolam online.
Types of alprazolam
Alprazolam tablets are available as follows:
0.25 mg: These tablets are white, oval, scored, imprinted “XANAX 0.25”.
0.5 mg: These tablets are peach, oval, scored, imprinted “XANAX 0.5”.
1 mg: These tablets are blue, oval, scored, imprinted “XANAX 1.0”.
2 mg: These tablets are white, oblong, multi-scored, imprinted “XANAX” on one side and “2” on the reverse side.
What are the uses of alprazolam?
Alprazolam uses include:
- Alprazolam helps treat anxiety and panic disorders.
- It also helps treat depression, agoraphobia (fear of open spaces), and premenstrual syndrome.
- This drug also helps treat sleep disorders.
- It provides short-term relief to the symptoms of anxiety and anxiety linked with depression.
How to take alprazolam?
You may need to take alprazolam with other medicines. The dosage of this medication depends upon your age, medical condition, the type and severity of the disease. Take this medicine two to four times a day and the extended-release tablets once a day, usually in the morning.
Do not use this medication in larger amounts or for longer than the prescribed duration.
Alprazolam can cause addiction, so do not take a larger dose or take it more often or take it longer than the prescribed duration. Never stop taking this medicine suddenly or decrease your dosage without talking to a doctor. If you stop taking this drug suddenly, you may experience withdrawal symptoms.
The withdrawal symptoms include seizures, headache, blurred vision, increased sensitivity to noise or light, difficulty concentrating, nervousness, depression, irritability, aggressive behavior, diarrhea, vomiting, and weight loss. Your doctor may need to reduce the dosage slowly over time to avoid withdrawal.
If you take too much of this medication, it will lead to an overdose. The symptoms of an overdose of this drug include drowsiness, confusion, poor coordination, slow reflexes, and coma.
Dosage for Anxiety
The usual adult dosage for alprazolam immediate-release tablets is 0.25 mg to 0.5 mg orally taken three times a day. The maximum dose is 4 mg per day.
Dosage for Panic Disorder
The usual adult dosage for alprazolam immediate-release tablets is 0.5 mg orally administered three times a day. The maximum dosage is 10 mg per day.
The initial dose for extended-release tablets is 0.5 mg to 1 mg orally once a day. The maximum dose for an extended-release tablet is 10 mg per day.
What to know before taking alprazolam?
People should not use alprazolam if they are allergic to it or other benzodiazepines. Tell your doctor if you ever had:
- drug or alcohol addiction
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- depression, or suicidal thoughts or behavior
- breathing problems such as COPD or sleep apnea
Do not take alprazolam if you also take antifungal medicines such as itraconazole or ketoconazole.
Never use this drug if you have a history of allergic reaction to benzodiazepines such as lorazepam, Ativan, Valium, Xanax, etc.
Do not use alprazolam during pregnancy because it may harm the fetus. This drug can cause birth defects or life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in a newborn.
Avoid breastfeeding while using this drug because it can pass through breastmilk.
Old-age people should lower the dosage of this medicine because a high dosage may cause some severe side effects.
Before having any surgery, tell your doctor that you are taking this drug.
The consumption of alprazolam in high amounts may lead to an overdose. The symptoms of overdose may include drowsiness, confusion, problems with coordination, and loss of consciousness.
What are the side effects of alprazolam?
Some common alprazolam side effects include:
- difficulty concentrating
- changes in sex drive or ability
- dry mouth
- changes in appetite
- blurred vision
- memory problems
Serious side effects
Some serious side effects of alprazolam include:
- shortness of breath
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- severe skin rash
- memory problems
- unusual changes in behavior or mood
- suicidal thoughts
- problems with coordination or balance
Alprazolam can cause a serious allergic reaction in some rare cases. Get medical help immediately if you notice signs of an allergic reaction to alprazolam. The signs include hives, difficult breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
How does alprazolam work?
Alprazolam helps create a calming effect by boosting the activity of a chemical known as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). This drug works quickly and stays in the body long after a person stops feeling its effects. Most people experience the impact of this drug for two to four hours.
What to avoid while using alprazolam?
Alprazolam interactions may include the following:
Some drugs that may interact with alprazolam include kava, sodium oxybate. Some drugs can affect the removal of alprazolam from your body, affecting how alprazolam works. Examples of this drug include:
- azole antifungals such as itraconazole, ketoconazole
- antacids such as cimetidine
- anti-depressants such as fluoxetine, fluvoxamine
- HIV drugs such as delavirdine
- macrolide antibiotics such as erythromycin
- drugs to treat seizures such as phenytoin
- sedatives or hypnotics such as zolpidem
- narcotic analgesics such as morphine, oxycodone
- anesthetics such as ketamine
Do not take opioids with alprazolam because it can lead to dangerous side effects which can cause death. Taking this drug with opioids increases the risk of severe sleepiness, respiratory depression, coma, and even death.
Do not use alprazolam with alcohol because it can lead to severe side effects. This drug can increase the effects of alcohol which can make you feel more drowsy, dizzy, and tired. Avoid driving or doing a hazardous activity until you know how this drug works for you. The side effects of consuming alcohol with alprazolam include drowsiness, slurred speech, difficulty breathing, severe weakness, and confusion.