Showing all 3 results

Showing all 3 results

What is Clonazepam?

Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine. Probably, Clonazepam works by enhancing the activity of certain neurotransmitters in the brain.

Clonazepam is a type of anti-epileptic drug used to treat certain seizure disorders (including absence seizures or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome) in adults and children.

Clonazepam is also used to treat panic disorder (including agoraphobia) in adults.

What are the uses of Clonazepam?

Clonazepam is used to treat panic disorder. It is also useful in the prevention and control of seizures.

It functions by calming your brain and nerves.

Doctors often use Clonazepam as part of a combination therapy, which means a person may need to take it with other medications.

How does Clonazepam work?

Clonazepam belongs to a class of drugs (a group of medications that work similarly) called benzodiazepines. Doctors often use these drugs to treat similar conditions.

Clonazepam works by increasing gamma-aminobutyric acid activity (GABA)- a chemical that transmits signals throughout a person’s nervous system. A person’s body may become excited if they do not have enough GABA. It may lead to panic attacks or seizures. A person will have more GABA in their body when they take this drug. It will help them have fewer panic attacks and strokes.

What to know before using Clonazepam?

Avoid taking Clonazepam if you have:

  • Narrow-angle glaucoma
  • Severe liver disease
  • An allergic reaction history to any benzodiazepine, such as Valium, Xanax, Ativan, etc

For ensuring the safety of Clonazepam for yourself, inform your doctor if you have ever had:

  • Glaucoma
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Porphyria (a genetic enzyme disorder causing symptoms that affects the skin or nervous system)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, or other breathing problems
  • Mental illness, psychosis, or drugs or alcohol addiction
  • If you use a narcotic (opioid) medication
  • Depression or suicidal thoughts or behavior

Some people have suicidal thoughts when taking seizure medication. Your doctor should monitor your progress regularly. Your family should also be alert to your mood changes or symptoms indicating them.

If you are pregnant, follow your doctor’s instructions about taking seizure medication. Avoid starting or stopping to take this medicine without your doctor’s recommendation, and inform your doctor right away in case of pregnancy. Clonazepam may pose a danger to an unborn baby and may lead to a newborn’s breathing or feeding problems. Moreover, having seizures during pregnancy could harm both mother and baby.

A pregnancy registry may list your name if you are pregnant. It is to track the pregnancy outcome and evaluate any potential effects of this medicine on the baby.

Clonazepam may probably pass into breast milk, but effects on the nursing baby are not known. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

Avoid giving this medicine to a child without medical advice. Clonazepam is not approved to treat panic disorder in anyone younger than 18 years old.

Clonazepam dosage

A doctor prescribes the clonazepam dosage depending on several factors, including:

  • The type and severity of the condition
  • The age of the person’s
  • The form of Clonazepam they are using
  • Other medical conditions they may be having

Typically, a doctor will keep a person on a lower starting dosage and adjust it over time to reach the right dosage. They’ll ultimately prescribe the smallest and effective dosage that provides the desired effect.

The information given ahead describes dosages that a doctor usually recommends. However, a person should ensure to take the dosage that their doctor prescribes.

A doctor will determine the best dosage that suits a person’s requirements.

Dosage for panic disorder

Adult dosage (ages 18 to 64 years)
  • The typical starting dosage is 0.25 mg taken twice per day.
  • A doctor may raise the dose to 0.5 mg taken two times per day subsequently after three days.
  • The maximum dosage is 4 mg per day.
  • A doctor should decrease a person’s dose gradually when discontinuing treatment with this drug. They should reduce the dosage by no more than 0.125 mg every three days. For example, if the person were taking 2 mg two times per day, their doctor would start by decreasing the dose to 1.875 mg, taken two times per day.
Child dosage (ages 0 to 17 years)

There isn’t any study for this condition that confirms the safe and effective use of Clonazepam for people younger than 18.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

The kidneys of older adults may not function as effectively as they used to. It can lead to the slow processing of drugs in their body. It results in more of a drug staying in their body for a longer time, thereby raising the side effects risk. Their doctor may keep them on a lowered starting dose or a different dosing schedule. It can help prevent too much accumulation of this drug in their body.

Dosage for seizures

Adult dosage (ages 18 to 64 years)
  • The typical starting dosage is 0.5 mg taken three times per day.
  • A doctor may raise a person’s dose by 0.5 to 1 mg every three days until their seizures come under control.
  • The maximum dosage is 20 mg per day, taken in separate doses.
Child dosage (ages 11 to 17 years)
  • The typical starting dosage is 0.5 mg taken three times per day.
  • A doctor may raise a child’s dose by 0.5 to 1 mg every three days until their seizures come under control.
  • The maximum dosage is 20 mg per day, in divided doses.
Child dosage (ages 0 to 10 years or children who weigh 66 lbs. [30 kg] or less)
  • The typical starting dosage is 0.01 to 0.03 mg/kg of body weight per day. The dose shouldn’t exceed 0.05 mg/kg per day given in two to three divided doses.
  • A doctor may raise a child’s dose by 0.25 to 0.5 mg every three days until their seizures come under control.
  • The maximum dosage is 0.1–0.2 mg/kg per day taken in divided doses.
Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

The kidneys of older adults may not function as effectively as they used to. It can lead to the slow processing of drugs in their body. It results in more of a drug staying in their body for a longer time, thereby raising the side effects risk. Their doctor may keep them on a lowered starting dose or a different dosing schedule. It can help prevent too much accumulation of this drug in their body.

Clonazepam side effects

Common side effects
  • Drowsiness
  • Problems with walking and coordination
  • Dizziness
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Problems with memory

Mild effects may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. A person should consult their doctor or pharmacist if they’re more severe or don’t go away.

Serious side effects
  • Depressed mood or suicidal thoughts (harming themself)
  • Seizures (commonly occurs if a person abruptly stops taking this drug or if they already have a seizure disorder)

A person should call or visit their doctor immediately if they experience severe side effects. They should contact 911 if their symptoms feel life-threatening or think they have a medical emergency.