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What is Hydromorphone?
Hydromorphone is an opioid medication, and it can treat moderate to severe pain.
The extended-release form of Hydromorphone is for around-the-clock therapy of moderate to severe pain, not for application on an as-needed basis for pain.
Doctors may also prescribe Hydromorphone for purposes not listed in this prescription guide.
Misuse of opioid medication can cause overdose, addiction, or death. Store the medicine in a place where others cannot find it.
Using opioid medication during pregnancy may cause life-threatening withdrawal signs in the newborn.
Fatal side-effects can occur if you use opioid medication with alcohol or other drugs that cause drowsiness or reduce your breathing.
What are the uses of Hydromorphone?
Hydromorphone is a medication that can help in relieving pain. You may use Hydromorphone extended-release tablets to relieve severe pain in people expected to need pain medicine around the clock for a long time.
It would be best to use Hydromorphone extended-release tablets to treat tolerant people (used to the treatment effects) to opioid remedies.
They have taken this type of medicine for at least one week. Patients should not use it to treat short-term pain, pain after an operation, mild or moderate pain, medical or dental procedure, or pain that medication can control and taken as required. Hydromorphone is in a class of drugs known as opiate (narcotic) analgesics.
It acts by changing the behavior of the brain and nervous system to respond to pain.
How does Hydromorphone work?
Follow the regulations on your prescription label and read all remedy guides. Never take Hydromorphone in higher amounts or for longer than directed. Tell your specialist if you feel an increased urge to use more of this medicine.
Never share opioid medication with another person, especially someone with a story of drug abuse or addiction. Misuse of opioid medication can cause overdose, addiction, or death. Store the medicine in a place where others cannot find it.
Keep the remedy in a place where others cannot find it. Selling or giving others opioid medication is against the law.
Stop using all other around-the-clock narcotic pain remedies when you start taking Hydromorphone.
Consume the capsule or tablet whole to avoid exposure to a possibly lethal overdose. Do not chew, break, open, crush, or dissolve.
Measure the liquid dose carefully. Use the dosing syringe that comes with your remedy, or use a medicine dose-measuring equipment (not a kitchen spoon).
Do not quit using Hydromorphone suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal signs. Ask your doctor how to stop using Hydromorphone safely.
Never break or crush a hydromorphone pill to inhale the powder of medication or mix it into a liquid to inject the medicine into your vein. This act can cause death.
Store Hydromorphone at room temperature and away from heat, moisture, and light. Throw away any remaining liquid after 90 days.
Keep track of your medication. You should be conscious if anyone is misusing it or without a prescription.
Do not keep leftover opioid remedies. Just one dose can induce death in someone using this medicine unintentionally or improperly. Ask your druggist where to locate a drug take-back disposal plan. If there is no take-back plan, flush the unused medication down the toilet.
What to know before using Hydromorphone?
You should not use Hydromorphone if you have ever had an allergic reaction to Hydromorphone or another narcotic medicine, or if you have;
- any blockage in your intestines or stomach
- a bowel obstruction called paralytic ileus
- severe asthma or breathing problems
Do not take Hydromorphone if you have utilized an MAO inhibitor in the last 14 days. A dangerous drug intercommunication could occur. MAO inhibitors include methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, isocarboxazid, linezolid, selegiline, tranylcypromine, etc.
Notify your specialist if you have ever had;
- a head injury, brain tumor, or seizures
- breathing problems, sleep apnea
- alcoholism, drug addiction, or mental illness
- urination problems
- liver or kidney disease
- a sulfite allergy
- problems with your gallbladder, pancreas, or thyroid
If you take opioid medication while you are pregnant, your baby may become dependent on the drug. Doing this can cause life-threatening withdrawal signs in the baby after it is born. Babies born dependent on opioids may require medical treatment for many weeks.
Do not breast-feed your baby. Hydromorphone can transfer into breast milk and may cause breathing problems or drowsiness in a nursing baby.
Dosage for severe pain
The adult dosage (ages 18–64 years) of this medication is;
- Oral tablet: Standard starting dosage is 2mg to 4mg once every 4 to 6 hours.
- Extended-release oral tablet: Only for use in opioid-tolerant people.
The child dosage (ages 0–17 years) of this medication is;
- This medicine has not for children. It would be best if you do not use it on people younger than 18 years.
Seek emergency medical consideration or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. A hydromorphone overdose can be dangerous, especially in a child or other person taking medicine without a direction.
Overdose symptoms may include severe drowsiness, muscle weakness, slow heart rate, cold and clammy skin, prolonged breathing, pinpoint pupils, or coma.
Hydromorphone side effects
Get emergency medical guidance if you have signs of an allergic reaction such as difficulty breathing, hives, swelling of your lips, face, tongue, or throat.
Opioid medication can reduce or stop your breathing, and death may occur. A person caring for you should attempt emergency medical consideration if you have blue colored lips, slow breathing with long pauses, or if you are difficult to wake up.
Visit your doctor at once if you have;
- noisy breathing, sighing, shallow breathing, breathing that stops during sleep
- a slow heart rate or weak pulse
- confusion, feelings of extreme happiness or sadness
- severe weakness or drowsiness
- a light-headed feeling, like you, might pass out
- low cortisol levels–nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, dizziness, worsening tiredness, or weakness
Inquire medical consideration right away if you have serotonin syndrome symptoms, such as; hallucinations, fever, sweating, shivering, agitation, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting, fast heart rate, muscle stiffness, twitching, or diarrhea.
Serious side-effects may be more likely in older adults and those who are malnourished or incapacitated.
Long-term use of opioid remedies may affect fertility (ability to have children) in men or women. It is unknown whether opioid influences on fertility are permanent.
Common side-effects may include;
- drowsiness, tiredness
- constipation, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain
The above is not a complete list of side-effects and others that may occur. Visit your doctor for medical guidance about side-effects. You may report side-effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.