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Showing all 6 results

What is Xanax?

Xanax (Alprazolam) is a short acting tranquilizer of TBZD (triazolobenzodiazepine) class, which are BZDs (benzodiazepines) fused with triazole ring.

It comes under the schedule IV controlled substance and a common drug of abuse.

It acts through the GABA receptor just like other benzodiazepines.

What are the uses of Xanax?

It is useful in the short-term management of anxiety disorders, especially in panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder.

Along with other treatments, its use is also in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea.

It may indicate the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder and the treatment of anxiety conditions with co-morbid depression.

How does Xanax work?

Alprazolam is useful in treating anxiety and panic disorders. It belongs to the benzodiazepine class of medications. It acts on the nerves and brain (central nervous system) to produce a calming effect. It enhances the impact of a particular natural chemical in the body, which is known as GABA.

Its usual intake is for no longer than four months to treat anxiety disorder and not for longer than ten weeks to treat panic disorder.

What to know before using Xanax?

Do not take Xanax if:

  • You also take ketoconazole or itraconazole (antifungal medicines); or
  • You already have an allergic reaction to any benzodiazepine (diazepam, lorazepam, alprazolam, Ativan, Klonopinpin, Tranxene, Restoril, Valium, Versed, and others).

To ensure Xanax is safe, tell your doctor if you ever had:

  • Sleep apnea
  • Breathing problem
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Drug or alcohol addiction
  • Depression
  • Mood problem
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior
  • Kidney or liver disease

Let the doctor know about your pregnancy or planning to conceive. Alprazolam in Xanax may harm an unborn baby. Avoid taking Xanax (alprazolam) during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Your baby could bear drug dependence if you use this medicine during pregnancy. It may cause life withdrawal symptoms in the baby. Babies that are born dependent on habit-forming drugs may need medical treatment for several weeks.

Do not breastfeed while using Xanax.

It is not under recommendation for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

Xanax dosage

Adult dosage for anxiety:

IR tablets – 0.25 mg to 0.5 mg orally administered three times a day

Maximum dose- 4 mg/day

Usual adult dose for panic disorder:

IR tablets- 0.5 mg orally administered three times a day

Maximum dose- 10 mg/day

ER tablets- initial dose: 0.5 to 1 mg orally/day; maintenance dose: 3-6 mg orally/day, preferably in the morning; maximum dose: 10 mg/day

Usual geriatric dose for anxiety:

Elderly or malnourished patients-

IR tablets- 0.25 mg orally administered 2 or 3 times a day.

Usual geriatric dose for panic disorder:

Elderly or malnourished patients-

IR tablets- Initial dose: 0.25 mg orally administered 2 or 3 times a day

ER tablets- initial dose: 0.5 mg orally once a day

Avoid drinking alcohol while using Xanax as dangerous side effects or death may occur.

Avoid drinking or operating machines until you know how this machine affects you.

Avoid using grapefruit products because the interaction of grapefruit with alprazolam may lead to fatal effects.

Xanax side effects

Go for emergency medical help if you have signs of allergic reactions to Xanax. It includes difficult breathing, hives, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Xanax (Alprazolam) can slow or stop your breathing, especially in the recent use of alcohol, opioid medication, or other drugs that can slow your breathing.

Call the doctor if you have any of these:

  • Shallow or weak breathing
  • A light-headed feeling
  • A seizure (convulsion)
  • Hallucinations
  • Risk-taking behavior
  • Increased energy
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Racing thoughts
  • Being agitated or talkative
  • Double vision
  • jaundice

Alprazolam’s sedative effects may last longer in older adults. Use caution to avoid accidental injury or falling.

Common side effects of taking Xanax may include drowsiness or low-headed feeling.

Side effects that require immediate medical attention:
  1. More common- being forgetful; changes in patterns and rhythm of speech; clumsiness; difficulty with coordination; discouragement; drowsiness; irritability; feeling sad or empty; lack of appetite; light-headedness; loss of interest or pleasure; shakiness and unsteady walk; relaxed and calm; sleepiness or unusual drowsiness; slurred speech; tiredness; trouble in concentrating, performing routine tasks, sleeping and speaking; unusual fatigue or weakness
  2. Rare side effects- out of control actions; attack, assault, or force; chest pain; deep or fast breathing; unexplained noise in the ears; decreased awareness or responsiveness; ear pain; rapid heartbeat; hearing loss; hoarseness; loss of control of the legs; loss of strength or energy; nightmares; numbness; severe sleepiness; shakiness; sleep talking; swelling; talking, feeling, and acting with excitement; suicidal thoughts; unusual week feelings; voice changes.
Side effects not requiring medical attention:
  1. More common: missed, absent, or irregular menstrual periods; decreased interest in sexual intercourse; decreased sexual performance or desire abnormal ejaculation; reduced appetite; difficulty having a bowel movement; inability to have or keep n erection; increased appetite; increase in sexual ability, desire, drive or performance; increased interest in sexual intercourse; stopping of menstrual bleeding; increased weight; weight loss; watering of the mouth.
  2. Less common: blistering, crusting, irritation, itching or reddening of the skin; change in taste; abdominal or bloating and cramping; cracked, dry or scaly skin; cramps; double vision; feeling of warmth; heavy bleeding; menstrual changes; pelvic pain; redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest; seeing double; sudden sweating; unexplained runny nose or sneezing.
  3. Rare side effects: acidity; belching; more significant, dilated, or enlarged pupils; feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings; change in color vision; difficulty seeing at night; feeling of relaxation; heartburn; hives or welts; indigestion; increased sensitivity of the eyes to sunlight; redness of the skin; runny nose; sensation of spinning; stomach discomfort, upset, or pain; stuffy nose.